Nepal Journal of Neuroscience
Official Journal of Nepalese Society of Neurosurgeons

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Analysis of 885 cases of traumatic brain injury

Dr Xiao-dong Qu, MD
Department of neurosurgery Xi’an Jiaotong University Xi’an, Shaanxi, China

The main objective of this study is to explore the epidemiology of traumatic brain injury (TBI), its prognosis and outcome on the basis of inpatients records in the last 8 years in the first affiliated hospital of medical college of Xi’an Jiaotong University. A retrospective study was designed to analyze data from the inpatients from January 1, 2003 to January 1, 2010. We included all inpatients during this 7 years period and it was followed by epidemiologic statistical analysis. The total number of cases of TBI was 885, male being 688 cases and female 194 cases. Age ranged from 1 month to 88 years, average age being 44 years. Male female ratio was 3.4:1. Adult children ratio was 4.53: 1. There were 134 cases with unfavorable outcome comprising 15% of total cases. Road traffic accident (RTA) was the most common cause of TBI and it was found to be associated with higher rate of mortality and morbidity. Moreover, the burden of TBI due to RTA was highest in most productive age group i.e. 30-40 years. Hence focus should be laid on promotion of traffic safety rules and regulations so as to decrease RTA and consequently TBI.

Key Words: Epidemiology, Outcome, Traumatic Brain Injury